Chandrayaan 3 is the third and most recent lunar Indian space research exploration program under the Chandrayaan program. It consist of the lander named Vikram and a rover named Pragyan similar to Chandrayaan-2 . This mission is carried out by Indian Space Research Organization. ISRO chairman Somanath confess that “CHANDRAYAAN-3 is functioning absolutely great. All the instruments, systems on board are in good and working condition and they were able to bring it down smoothly and correctly (soft landing main moto) the orbit changes are happening as planned, there is no deviation, so it shows excellent result, and we are hoping that everything will be great.”
The launch for Chandrayaan-3 lunar mission for soft landing on moon took place on 14th july, 2023 at 2:35pm IST as scheduled from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre Second lunar pad in Sriharikota, Andhra Pardesh, India and lunar ejection of 100km circular polar orbit was completed successfully as part of phase one. The lander and rover are expected to land near the south pole of the surface of mood on 23rd August 2023.
The Chandrayaan-3 mission is the step stone for ISRO’s future mission. The key idea is technoloyg demonstration to crucial capability to soft land on the lunar surface of the moon safely that earlies mission could not achieve.
The propulsion module will carry the lander and rover to the moon. The propulsion module helps in transporting lander and rover into moon gravity. Th erocket was made in multiple parts and one part of that is Propulsion module.
Lander is responsible for soft landing of rover on the moon surface. It is also a box like structure with 4legs on it each of which can carry 800 newton of focre on it. It will carry the rover and various scientific instruments in it for analysis of the surface of moon.
Chandrayaan-3 rover overview
- six wheeled design
- weighted 26kg
- range of 500m
- scientific instruments like camera, drill and spectrometer
- expected life span or battery backup is about 14 days of earth
Currently Chandrayaan-3 is in moon’s gravitational force and is now revolving around the moon. Soon it will softly land on the moon surface which is a big achievement for India Space Research Organization(ISRO).
Duration Of Mission: The mission is for about 3 to 6 months including the time taken by satellite to reach to the surface of moon and research. The total battery backup for lunar on moon is about of 14days in which research work on the south pole of mood will be done and research information to be send to the ground staff on Earth in India.
ISRO Chairperson-S. Somanath
Mission Director:-S. Mohana Kumar
Vehicle director-Biju C Thomas
Associate Vehicle director-P.K. Sudeesh Kumar
Funding: Funding for the mission is done by Indian government, it was initially mentioned that ISRO requested for the funding of 75crore INR in 2019 from Indian government
Aim: The basic aim of Chandrayaan-3 is to land softly and safely on the lunar surface without damaging the lander